Rats, as well as mice or rodents, can wreak havoc on homes as well as businesses, creating a loss of goods, stock, leading to a loss of money as well as creating health issues.
Rodents are omnivores, which means they are capable of eating all sorts of food as well as house hold items. Thanks to their constantly growing incisors (teeth), they have a great requirement to gnaw on many items they encounter such as electrical wiring, house framing, plaster board, doors.
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Types of rodents and mice:
The House Mouse is a species of mice responsible for mouse plagues in Australia. Favouring dry locations, you’ll more than likely discover a House Mouse nesting in roof/ceiling areas, in furniture, wall surfaces and occasionally in the outdoors.
A House Mouse is an omnivore, so they choose eating grains. They will just expand to weigh about 20 grams as well as having a slender body that allows them to travel through tight areas and small holes with ease.
Additionally referred to as the ‘brownish rat’, ‘water rat’ or ‘drain rat’, the Norway Rat is a mix of multiple rat varieties. This little rodent is the largest out of this pest type, weighing around 450g. They can become hostile when provoked or disturbed. They can live both indoors as well as outdoors, nesting in sewers, around rivers and are known to dig burrows in the ground.
The smallest rat among the there types, the roof rat, likewise referred to as the ‘black rat’ are typically discovered in roof areas. They are a very timid type of rat, but agile and can climb well. Unlike the others, they don’t tunnel, they aren’t strong swimmers and also seldom venture into sewers. These rats also have a really slender body making it simple for them to slide into splits and holes in buildings.
Where do rats and mice live?
Rats live in a number of areas including:
- Residential properties, in wall surface cavities, cupboards, boxes, furniture and also burrows in gardens.
- Industrial or commercial properties (specifically food production/manufacturing organisations).
- Nesting in creeping plants or trees.
- Burrows in the ground.
- Any structure where there is available access.
When are rodents most active?
They are most active during the night as they are nocturnal animals.
Why are rats and mice considered pests?
Rats can be really stubborn once they manage to get right into your residential property and it is essential to eliminate them before they spread conditions, dirt food and also damage the property.
- A rat does not have to enter your house in order to present a threat. They can be dangerous just by remaining in the backyard or outdoor areas given that these are areas may be often visited by pets as well as children.
- Rats impact people and also their atmosphere in a number of ways, including:
- Destroying the insulation of your residence or organisation.
- Eating electrical cables in the roof area, triggering a fire risk.
- Destabilising hillsides or structures such as keeping walls by burrowing.
- Create illnesses as well as polluting foods with bacteria (like salmonella) through their pee or droppings.
- Spreading conditions (e.g. leptospirosis, rickettsial conditions, typhus, Hantavirus, and trichinosis) and also death through bloodsuckers like intestinal worms and also fleas.
- Ruining doors, books, upholstery, food containers as well as skirting boards.
Indications of the presence of rodents
Rodent droppings when fresh are flexible and glossy. After a couple of days, they become hard as lose their lustre. Mouse droppings gauge regarding 3 to 6 mm in length, often have hair and are pointy at the ends, while rat droppings are blunt and can measure up to 12 mm in size.
When the hair of rodents massages against wall surfaces as well as various other surfaces, they leave behind a greasy deposit, many obvious when handling huge infestations.
Rat tunnels are typically seen near buildings as well as waterways.
Rodents frequently make sounds in the evening. If you listen to the squeaking or gnawing of rats, in walls, in the roof area, you might have a problem on your hands.
Products like paper, cardboard, and also rags are frequently made use of to construct nests.
As a result of their growing teeth, rats require to continuously nibble on materials like wood, cords as well as steel. This assists to sharpen their incisors and also grind down the size of the teeth. When they bite on cords, they leave behind exposed wires which can then cause fires or short circuits.
Tips for taking care of dead rats or mice:
Discovering a dead mouse or rat at your building can be a sign that your rodent issue is being eliminated, yet it can additionally be extremely disconcerting if you do not recognise how to throw away the carcass.
Follow these tips:
Keep Pet Dogs Away:
If you have a pet dog or cat, do not be shocked if it appears extremely curious regarding the carcass. It is essential that your pet is kept away from the carcass, and does not play or, even worse, consume it.
Rats are the carriers of bacteria as well as illnesses which can infect your pet. If the mouse or rat was eliminated by poisoning, your animal is at risk of being infected as well if it comes into contact with the carcass. Rodenticides that have much less prospective for secondary poisoning can be used where animals might be able to gain access to carcasses.
Vacant Rat Traps:
If rodent traps are being set on your property, you will certainly have to deal with emptying them eventually.
Always make use of rubber gloves when managing dead rats. Lift the steel trap extremely carefully and pick up the carcass. If even this is way too much for you, simply slide some paper underneath the catch, fold the whole point up and after that empty it right into the garbage.
Getting rid of the Carcass:
It is recommended to eliminate a dead rat by covering it in a paper and afterwards putting it in the garbage bin.
Prevent burying the carcass in your yard as it may later be collected by interested pet dogs or wild animals, which can then fall ill due to the diseases or poisonous substance remaining in the dead rodent.
Wall surface Cavities And Various Other Inaccessible areas:
If you believe as a result of the smell that there is a dead mouse or rat stuck in an inaccessible area, it is suggested to wait a couple of weeks. Rodent carcasses need around two (2) weeks to dry out and begin decaying. Use air fresheners as you wait, and after a time period, the trouble will look after itself. Odour decreasing products are readily available if the scent becomes intolerable.